In order to publish your article we need your agreement. Please take a moment to read the terms of this license.

By submitting your article to one of our books or journals (henceforth ‘publications’), you and all co-authors of your submission agree to the terms of this license. You do not need to fill out a copyright form for confirmation.

By submitting your article to one of our publications you grant us (the publisher) the exclusive right to both reproduce and/or distribute your article (including the abstract) throughout the world in electronic, printed or any other medium, and to authorize others (including Reproduction Rights Organizations such as the Copyright Licensing Agency and the Copyright Clearance Center, and other document distributors) to do the same. You agree that we may publish your article, and that we may sell or distribute it, on its own, or with other related material.

By submitting your article for publication to one of our publications, you promise that the article is your original work, has not previously been published, and is not currently under consideration by another publication. You also promise that the article does not, to the best of your knowledge, contain anything that is libellous, illegal or infringes anyone’s copyright or other rights. If the article contains material that is someone else’s copyright, you promise that you have obtained the unrestricted permission of the copyright owner to use the material and that the material is clearly identified and acknowledged in the text.

Open Access Agreement

Upon submitting an article, authors are asked to indicate their agreement to abide by an open access Creative Commons license (CC-BY). Under the terms of this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright of their articles. However, the license permits any user to download, print out, extract, reuse, archive, and distribute the article, so long as appropriate credit is given to the authors and the source of the work. The license ensures that the article will be available as widely as possible and that the article can be included in any scientific archive.

US Government Authors

Papers authored by one or more US government employees are licensed under a Creative Commons public domain license (CC0), which allows unlimited distribution and reuse of the article for any lawful purpose.

Images and Figures

Submitted manuscripts should not contain any images or figures that have already been published, previously copyrighted, or that contain proprietary image data (e.g., many maps and satellite images). This can cause serious copyright concerns. If authors must include previously published figures or images, they must obtain express written permission from the copyright holder to publish the images under the CC-BY license.

If authors wish to publish material obtained or gifted from third parties (e.g., writers, illustrators, photographers, videographers, artists, etc.), they must obtain express written permission from the creator to publish the material under the CC-BY license, with copyright held by the authors.